St. Mary Glacier Park

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump

Located one hour north of St. Mary in Alberta Canada at a place where the foothills of the Rocky Mountains meet the great plains, one of the world’s oldest, largest and best preserved buffalo jump’s known to exist — Head-Smashed-In.
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is known around the world as a remarkable testimony of prehistoric life. Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump bears witness to a custom practiced by native people of the North American plains for nearly 6000 years. Thanks to their excellent understanding of topography and of bison behavior, they killed bison by chasing them over a precipice and subsequently carving up the carcasses in the camp below.

Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981, Head-Smashed-In has been used continuously by aboriginal peoples of the plains for more than 5,500 years. This World Heritage Site is placed among other world attractions such as the Egyptian pyramids, Stonehenge and the Galapagos Islands. Call 403-553-2731 or visit the Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump Website for more information.